It is actually the practice of food production that uses vertical farms or other spaces like in the warehouses or on top of buildings etc. This type of farming is very unique as it utilizes many things for crops to be sustainable and grow well in the ecosystems. Apart from the traditional conventional ways of agriculture vertical farming has many systems in place to change the bigger scope of agriculture.
There is a broad application of hydroponics today in agriculture. Vertical farming where crops are grown where there is no soil. The overall plant growth is dependent on solutions with nutrients which boost faster plant growth throughout. The chemical compositions of the nutrients used are checked often to ensure that plants get sufficient nutrients as they grow. To add on that the roots of the plants are submerged in the solution of nutrients.
Aeroponics is another technique in vertical farming put in place to revolutionalize agriculture. Here plants are grown with little water and no soil. The idea was initiated with the many needs to try plant growth in spaces. This vertical farming idea is recently being researched on since it is creating so much interest. The unique feature about this innovation is that it utilizes less percentage of water than the hydroponics. Has enabled agriculturists to grow plants in space successfully.
To add on the above two innovations, aquaponics also comes in. The system allows for the growth of plants as well as fish in the same ecosystem. There is the mutual benefit for both. Fish grow in indoor fish ponds and produce a nutrient-rich waste that further acts as a food source for plants in the vertical farms. Likewise, plants play their part by purifying and filtering the wastewater in the ponds.
In addition to that we have the application of local . It integrates hydroponics . The system has proved faster growth of plants than in traditional gardens . There are efforts to integrate the checking of the status of the crops with smartphones of google homes. There is ongoing learning to collect information from people utilizing this system to see if it is bearing fruits.
It has born fruits for agriculturists with mini-farms. Plants capers also are part of vertical farming techniques deemed to change how agriculture is done. Plants are nurtured on top of the building in order to provide food for the people living in the building. Vertical greenhouses are used in most cases plus hydroponics combined to enhance plant growth. The system is very expensive but there is just enough maintenance to keep costs low .